Mazara del Vallo 1920–2005 Milan, 1966-67
Mazara del Vallo 1920-2005 Milan
"CONSAGRA 66-67" on the sculpture lower right
176.2 x 112 x 1.8 cm / 69 3/8 x 44 1/16 x 11/16 in.
Private Collection, Milan
Giovanni Carandente, Mostra di Pietro Consagra, only catalogue of the exhibitions, Palermo, Palazzo dei Normanni: Sculptures; Palermo, Galleria Civica d'Arte Moderna: Paintings, drawings, graphics; Gibellina, Rampinzeri Village: La città frontale, Edizioni Nuovo Sud, Palermo, 1973, p. 52, ill. b/n, (on the right).
Milan, Galleria dell'Ariete, Consagra. Mostra 130, June 8 - July 1967, (catalogue: interview by Carla Lonzi), n. 3, (Alluminio scuro), Alluminio scuro, cm. 172x115;
New York, Marlborough-Gerson Gallery Inc., Consagra, ottobre 1967, (catalogue: interview by Carla Lonzi, Tipografia Christen, Rome), ill. col., n. 16, (Alluminio scuro), List of the works, Suspended floors 1966-1967, 16, Alluminio scuro, painted aluminium, dark, 67 3/4 x 45 1/4 in;
New York, The Jewish Museum, Recent Italian Painting and Sculpture, May 24 – September 2 1968, (catalogue: forewords by Guido Ballo), ill. b/n, s. p. [p. n. n. 22], (Alluminio scuro), Alluminio Scuro. 1966-67, aluminium, dark, 67 3/4 x 45 1/4 in., Marlborough Gerson Gallery, New York;
Spoleto, Chiostro di San Nicolò, Opere di Pietro Consagra (1948-1978), June 30 – July 15 1979, (catalogue: curated by Giorgio Veronesi, poetry by Pietro Consagra, Arti Grafiche Panetto e Petrelli, Spoleto), s. p. [p. n. n. 2], (Allumini appesi. Nero, 1966), cm 177x112;
Rome, Galleria dei Banchi Nuovi, Roma 1957-1987, May 20 – July 30 1987, (catalogue: curated by Filiberto Menna, Galleria dei Banchi Nuovi, Rome), ill. col., p. 19, (Alluminio nero, 1966), Consagra 1966, Alluminio nero, alluminio, 175x111;
Verona, Castelvecchio Museum, Pietro Consagra. Necessità del colore. Sculture e dipinti 1964-2000, December 16 2007 – March 30 2008, (catalogue: curated by Luca Massimo Barbero, Gabriella Di Milia, texts by Luca Massimo Barbero, Fabrizio D'Amico, Abraham M. Hammacher, Francesco Tedeschi, Paola Marini, Giovanni Carandente, Licisco Magagnato, Francesca Pola, Rosemary Ramsey, Lia Durante, Laura Lorenzoni, Skira, Milan - Geneva), ill. col., n. 23, p. 141, p. 143, (partial), 23, Piano appeso alluminio scuro, 1966-1967. Technical sheets of the works exhibited, pp. 238-239, 23, Piano appeso alluminio scuro, 1966-1967. Aluminium plates, cut off, bolted in e and splash painted with nitro paint, 176,2x111,3x1,8 cm. Signature, date and number of the exemplar on the lower right-hand side CONSAGRA 66-67 1/1. Unique exemplar. Private Collection.
Pietro Consagra is one of Europe’s most renowned post-war sculptors. Born in 1920 in Mazara del Vallo, Sicily, he moved to Rome in 1944, the Dzopen citydz, that was beginning its civic and material reconstruction after World War II. The artist developed his highly distinctive vision for a new form of sculpture after a formative visit to Paris in 1946. This marked the beginning of an active dialogue with the international avant-garde. He realized his first abstract sculptures; they were not modelled as a whole, but instead constructed of silhouetted forms built of overlapping planes. In 1952 he began to execute the DzColloquidz (DzDialoguesdz) series which can be considered as some of the most emblematic alternatives offered by European sculpture to Informal Art. Made of bronze, iron or wood, they consisted of two (and, later, sometimes even three) vertical elements placed in such a way as to form a dynamic contrast with each other, within a perimeter that tended to be square or rectangular. The colour period started with the Piani sospesi (Suspended Planes) in 1964 and 1965, that were exhibited for the first time at the Quadriennale in Rome in November 1965. These are planes in wood or aluminium that are cut, perforated and painted on both sides, with a further space that can be perceived through them. They are of minimal thickness, with curved lines, designed to be suspended from above, staggered, moving in the air and visible on both sides. Consagra’s sculpture becomes bifrontal, to be seen from both sides, further accentuating his direct and immediate relationship between the artwork and the observer. In 1965 and 1966 came his Ferri trasparenti (Transparent Iron Works) which are made of large sheets of painted iron that are thin, curved and swollen, not stratified, but extended in a unitary image with undulating profiles, with slits that the space filters through. Originally created for an urban dimension, in most cases they can rotate, in an imaginary interaction with the environment, as Dztrees of a utopian humanismdz. This new period of Consagra’s frontal sculpture, which took shape in the first half of the 1960s, was marked by conflicting tensions, even as he continued to receive honours and show his works in exhibitions such as the solo event at the Galeria Bonino in Buenos Aires in November 1962. His increasing fame in the international art system gave him a sense of intolerance for his own work, for he was driven by an inner desire for change and for a turning point that he felt was needed in order to adapt to a rapidly changing society.
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