Giardino arancio, 1966
ProvenancePrivate Collection, Milan;
Georges Kaplan, New York.
Giuliano Briganti, Il Mondo vestito di Ferro in "L'Espresso", Rome, January 22 967, ill. b/n (wrongly Ferri Trasparenti);
Pietro Consagra, Ugo Mulas, Fotografare l'arte, foreword by Umberto Eco, Fratelli Fabbri Editors, Milan, 1973, p. 62, ill. b/n (wrongly Ferri Trasparenti), Illustrations Index, p. 124, 62, Ferri trasparenti, 1966 (overall photograph with 396, photographs by Ugo Mulas).
Rome, Marlborough Galleria d'Arte, Consagra. Ferri Trasparenti 1966, December1966, (catalogue: text by Maurizio Calvesi, Tipografia Christen, Rome), ill. col., s. p. [p. n. n. 1] (die stamp of the work without base); s. p. [p. n. n. 17], giardini series (in the background, overall photograph with Giardino viola and Giardino carminio);
New York, Marlborough-Gerson Gallery Inc., Consagra, ottobre 1967, (catalogue: interview of Carla Lonzi, Tipografia Christen, Rome), ill. col., n. 11, s. p. [p. n. n. 34] and back cover, List of the works, Giardini 1966, (gardens 1966), 11, Giardino arancio, painted iron, orange, 48 x 49 1/4 in; Rotterdam, Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Pietro Consagra. Recente beeldhouwwerken met kleur, March 4 – April 9 1967, (catalogue: Maurizio Calvesi, n. 11), Londra, Robilant+Voena, Pietro Consagra. Frontal sculpture 1947-1967, 27 settembre–16 novembre 2018 (volume pubblicato in occasione della mostra: a cura di Francesca Pola, testi di Francesca Pola, Luca Massimo Barbero, Marsilio Editori, Venezia; Robilant+Voena, Londra, n. 117, p. 124, ill. col.; p. 123, n. 116, ill. col.).
Pietro Consagra is one of Europe’s most renowned post-war sculptors. Born in 1920 in Mazara del Vallo, Sicily, he moved to Rome in 1944, the Dzopen citydz, that was beginning its civic and material reconstruction after World War II. The artist developed his highly distinctive vision for a new form of sculpture after a formative visit to Paris in 1946. This marked the beginning of an active dialogue with the international avant-garde. He realized his first abstract sculptures; they were not modelled as a whole, but instead constructed of silhouetted forms built of overlapping planes.
In 1952 he began to execute the DzColloquidz (DzDialoguesdz) series which can be considered as some of the most emblematic alternatives offered by European sculpture to Informal Art. Made of bronze, iron or wood, they consisted of two (and, later, sometimes even three) vertical elements placed in such a way as to form a dynamic contrast with each other, within a perimeter that tended to be square or rectangular. The colour period started with the Piani sospesi (Suspended Planes) in 1964 and 1965, that were exhibited for the first time at the Quadriennale in Rome in November 1965. These are planes in wood or aluminium that are cut, perforated and painted on both sides, with a further space that can be perceived through them. They are of minimal thickness, with curved lines, designed to be suspended from above, staggered, moving in the air and visible on both sides. Consagra’s sculpture becomes bifrontal, to be seen from both sides, further accentuating his direct and immediate relationship between the artwork and the observer. In 1965 and 1966 came his Ferri trasparenti (Transparent Iron Works) which are made of large sheets of painted iron that are thin, curved and swollen, not stratified, but extended in a unitary image with undulating profiles, with slits that the space filters through. Originally created for an urban dimension, in most cases they can rotate, in an imaginary interaction with the environment, as Dztrees of a utopian humanismdz. This new period of Consagra’s frontal sculpture, which took shape in the first half of the 1960s, was marked by conflicting tensions, even as he continued to receive honours and show his works in exhibitions such as the solo event at the Galeria Bonino in Buenos Aires in November 1962. His increasing fame in the international art system gave him a sense of intolerance for his own work, for he was driven by an inner desire for change and for a turning point that he felt was needed in order to adapt to a rapidly changing society.
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